About the Philippines – the country, islands, and the philippine people

The Philippines is a region in the Pacific Ocean. The republic of the Philippines has a single of the major populations in the globe. The region is an archipelago of a massive team of islands surrounded by crystal very clear h2o and stunning and one of a kind coral reefs. Of the 7,107 islands in the Philippines the major is Luzon, at one zero five sq. kilometres and just around fifty % of the islands in the region have names, and only 350 islands are bigger than two and a 50 percent kilometres sq.. The tallest mountain range can be discovered on the island of Luzon the Cordillera Central the best of the mountain reaches around 2743 sq. meters. The tallest mountain peak can be discovered on the 2nd major island in the region Mindanao. Mount Apo rises 2956 meters tall. Like numerous other mountains in the region Mount Apo is an active volcano. Luzon is also the site of the funds of Manila the major and most important Philippine town. Manila has a port that stretches around Manila bay for hundreds of decades Manila bay has been the country’s coronary heart of transport and trade. The Visayas make up the center portion of the Philippine islands. The major islands in the Visayas include Leyte, Samar, Cebu, Negros, and Panay Mindanao is an Philippine island in the south of the region and the 2nd major island in the Philippines the island actions ninety four,seven hundred sq. kilometres.

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The islands

The Philippine islands ended up formed by volcanoes and are portion of a mountain chain that is mainly below h2o. The inside of most of the islands have numerous rugged mountains with dense rain forest and because of the recurrent rain tumble there are numerous rivers streams and waterfalls that continually surge down the mountain sides. For the reason that of the dense mountain rainforest and recurrent rain tumble the Philippines is endowed with breathtaking sceneries inside the islands tropical rainforest majestic waterfalls superb caves and rock formations. Regrettably a lot of the rain forest is disappearing ahead of the Spanish arrived in the 1500 around ninety % of the Philippine islands ended up covered in rain forest. To day the region has dropped near to a single-3rd of its tropical rainforest. The rain forest has been used and lower down for its timber and to very clear land for farms and homes.

The shoreline

With around 7000 islands the region has a coastline line far more than 36,three hundred kilometres in size. The shorelines and shoreline may differ throughout the region are incredibly sandy in destinations these types of as Boracay which is famed for its stunning picturesque tropical white sand shorelines. With tropical vegetation and palm trees escalating on these superb shorelines. On some island coastline lines are incredibly rocky in location and in some destinations you will uncover gray white sand shorelines and massive inland rivers that border with mangrove trees and swamps.

The rivers and lakes

Filipinos rely on new h2o from rivers and lakes to irrigate their crops and own day-to-day living needs these types of as drinking and washing. Pasig River is a single of the major rivers in the region and flows through the funds of Manila. In the north also on the island of Luzon the longest Philippine river that flows through the Central Cordilleras, the Cagayan River.


For the reason that the region is sitting down on the pacific ring of hearth usually means the Philippines have a lot of active Volcanoes. 1 of the most famed volcanic eruptions occur in June 1991 in the north of Luzon for numerous hundreds of decades Mount Pinatubo lay dormant. When Mount Pinatubo erupted far more than a thousand men and women killed or injured and left countless numbers of men and women homeless. The explosion created a big ash cloud that covered far more than one hundred twenty five thousand sq. kilometres blanketing the spot in ash rock and darkness. 1 of the most active volcanoes in the Philippines is Mayo, also recognised as Mount Mayo this volcano has erupted 48 times in the past 400 decades. Mount Mayo found on the island of Luzon in the province of Albay. Mayon Volcano proclaimed a countrywide park in the yr 2003. The Mayo volcano is a flawlessly shaped cone that towers 2462 meters higher than the land. Mayon Past important eruption was in February 1814, when it wrecked three towns and covered yet another two with volcanic ash and scorching larva about 1600 men and women died because of to this eruption.

The Philippine Folks

For countless numbers of decades numerous various styles men and women and nations have been portion of the Philippines the outcome is a region and men and women with a one of a kind mix of numerous cultures. About 30,000 BC Stone Age men and women settled in the Tabon caves on the island of Palawan the region was later joined by the Negritos that arrived throughout land bridges from Borneo Indonesia, and Sumatra and hundreds of years latter joined by guests from Malaya India china and the center east. Magellan was the initial European to set foot on the Philippines in 1521 Ferdinand Magellan explored the archipelago Magellan and most of his guys ended up killed all through the fight of Mactan on the Island of Cebu. Spain set up a everlasting settlement on the island of Cebu in 1565

Family religion and education and learning are incredibly important in Filipino society.

Weather conditions living in the town or the region or on an isolated island relatives, religion and education and learning are incredibly highly valued by pretty much each and every a single Filipinos have numerous beneficial values these types of as regard for authority and a higher regard for the dignity of all the men and women.


Most Filipinos keep robust religious beliefs they often acquire portion in religious ceremonies rejoice holy days with massive festivals. The Spanish where incredibly successful in converting the Filipino to Christianity generating the Philippine the only Christian nation in Asia Roman Catholic make up 85% of the population, five % of the population are Sunni Muslim’s the major no Christian team in the region. Most early Filipinos ended up animistic and worshiped ancestral sprits recognised as anitos they considered theses sprits lived in the mountains in the Trees Rivers and fields. Several Filipinos imagine in ghost and witches (Multo) ghost and (mangkukulam) ghost. Roman Catholic perception performs an important portion in the day by day everyday living of most Filipinos.The Philippine men and women worship Christ mom Mary and other holy men and women termed saints numerous Filipinos enhance their homes trics jeepneys boats educational institutions of visuals of Christ and mom Mary.

Nearby islands and china released Islam to the Philippines currently there are various million Filipinos that comply with the religion of Islam. Some Filipinos follow Taoism which is a religious perception that originated in china the largest Taoist temple in the Philippines is in Cebu.

The Filipino relatives

The Filipino relatives the standard models of the Philippine social group which features the father the mom and children the bilateral prolonged relatives which incorporates all relatives of the Father and Mother. Of distinctive significance the bond and unity formed by the brothers and sisters. Filipino thinks of their relatives as a supply of energy and security. It is not unusual for single daughters and sons to reside at residence with their mother and father, grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins. The relatives are incredibly near and if an individual wants assistance other individuals chip in and do what they can to assistance the relatives member in require. The father-spouse is the head of the relatives and is typically unconditionally obeyed by his spouse and children. The father job and duty is to meet the fiscal wants of the relatives. The Filipino father is the principal supply of discipline in the relatives and often uses corporal punishment on equally sons and daughters while corporal punishment used on children in the Philippines is now slowly but surely obtaining used considerably less and considerably less because of to the Philippine modern society teaching and enforcing new values on increasing children. The children a lot of Filipino mothers pamper their children these has the impact of prolonging the childhood of the children they are not pushed or rushed into adulthood duties and expectations are kept underneath the child’s probable this care and passion lavished on the children makes a feeling of belonging and security. As a outcome the children will often add to parent’s fiscal guidance and emotional guidance and security. The traditional Filipino spouse and mom acquire care of all the information to guarantee the relatives functions as a living and loving organised relatives unit. The mom is in charge of the residence and all the information pertaining to the children these types of as cooking the relatives meal viewing the children are clothed and ready for college the paying of salary to the maids (ya -ya) and all other home expenses. Peculiar as it may well seem ladies share equal location with male in Philippine modern society female participation in experienced do the job and politics is absolutely recognized this equality can be traced back to ancient Malayan custom.


Training Filipino children attend six decades of elementary college and 4 decades of higher college. Lessons are taught in the Philipino, language tagalog and English the countrys principal official languages. Additional than ninety% of all elementary attend federal government educational institutions. From June right until March Filipino children shell out their days at college classes get started around 8 in the early morning in the towns like Manila and often around 7 am in the rural areas ahead of classes get started the children salute the flag and recite the pledge of allegiance. The Philippines has a incredibly higher literacy rate which most men and women in the region can go through and produce regretably because of to the higher unemployment rate and the negligible salary paid to decrease course personnel these types of as farmers and labours some children have to drop out of college to do the job and assistance to guidance their people and some children attend educational institutions that do not have enough college supplies and gear these types of as textbooks desks and chairs and pcs.


The Philippine for its languages Filipino English and Spanish there are 87 various important dialects ranging from Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Waray-waray, Kapampagan, and Panasinah. The English languages and the mass education and learning of the English language has been an American contribution to the Filipino everyday living. English was released so various men and women living in various areas of the Philippines could realize a single yet another. The American declared English the region official language all through the time they dominated the Philippines. In 1937 the Philippine federal government made a decision to swap English with a language termed Filipino also recognised as Tagalog the most greatly spoken Philippine language particularly all through some of the important towns. Now Filipino and English are the region official languages. In various areas of the Philippines some time s you will Filipinos that can talk any place up to 4 languages and some times far more particularly the men and women who have traveled and lived in various areas of the region. For case in point theses Filipinos can talk the language from the spot they grew up in and lived in as a youngster they also can talk English and Tagalog and often yet another language that is native to where they reside as an adult or learnt as a youngster. For case in point English, Tagalog, Cebuano, Waray-Waray could be 4 languages a one Filipino can talk.

The men and women traditional living

50 percent of the Philippine population reside in the region in close proximity to mountains forest on smaller islands or on the plains there are numerous styles of traditional homes Bahay kubo is a traditional rural residence some time referred to as a nipa hut.The partitions and flooring are designed from bamboo and palms leaves the woven palm leaves are overlapped and drained down to timber or bamboo to kind the roof. Other men and women in the region side reside in wood residence and other low-cost timber with iron and galvanised roofs.The far more wealthy region Filipino reside in a more substantial extravagant fashionable residence and properties are designed from cement bricks and cement.On a lot of Small Island and region areas the residence has a single principal place with a few pieces of home furniture and mats on the floor where the relatives sleeps.The kitchen is typically in yet another place with a wood burning stove and often a smaller fuel stove based on how isolated the relatives is from the closest town. In the more substantial region towns numerous of the native properties have electrical power and some of them even have indoor plumbing but theses conveniences are exceptional in smaller villages while now far more and far more Small Islands and villages are getting electrical power but there is however a lot of villages that do not. The Philippine men and women that reside in an spot that does not have electrical power or indoor plumbing acquire h2o from a community perfectly and burn off kerosene lamps for lights in the evening

The people’s transportation

The initial men and women who migrated to the Philippine islands used barangays (boats). Now day’s inter island ships and ferries have been the greatest usually means of transportation of fantastic and merchandise from island to yet another men and women also rely on these ships as ferries because the value of a aircraft ticket are incredibly pricey for the very low money people. Banca a narrow wood boat with an out boat motor connected to the back. The boat has wood and bamboo frames extending from equally sides of the boats that function like platoons preventing the boat from tipping around or capsizing. Early Filipinos used these smaller boats to trade and get supplies from neighboring islands.The more substantial banca boats are predominantly used as men and women ferries and massive business fishing boats.The scaled-down banca boats are used for scaled-down journeys in calmer h2o. A traditional kind of transport is the pedicabs a tricycle with a side cart this kind of transportation are however common in some region towns and provinces particularly on the island of Leyte and Samar.

The Philippine jeepney

A Philippine icon king of the highway proof of Philippine innovation the jeepney is a smaller bus designed from jeeps left at the rear of by the US military. The jeeps where reworked in to busses painted in lively glowing flamboyant colours and designs and embellished with mirrors multi-coloured lights and religious icons. The jeepney scaled-down brother the stainless steel jeep was designed and developed for practical factors fisherman complained that seawater and the setting was corroding their jeepneys. So in 1971 Tomas Araga invented and developed the initial jeep the jeep demands considerably less maintenance because it is tricky and does not rust. The jeep is an great Philippine motor vehicle because they are tailored to the one of a kind Philippine local weather particularly from the harsh salt air and the unpredictable climate.

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